Math Words That Start With B: Definitions and Uses

In this article, we will list and explain various math terms that start with the letter “B” so you can enhance your mathematical vocabulary.

  1. Bar chart- A graph that uses bars to represent data.
  2. Base- The number that is raised to a power in an expression.
  3. Bimodal- A distribution with two different modes.
  4. Bivariate- Involving two variables.
  5. Binomial- An algebraic expression with two terms.
  6. Bisect- To divide into two equal parts.
  7. Boundary- A line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something.
  8. Box plot- A graphical summary of data showing median, quartiles, and extremes.
  9. Bracket- Symbols used in pairs to group things together.
  10. Bias- A systematic error or deviation in results or data.
  11. Base ten- The decimal numeral system.
  12. Basis- A set of vectors in linearly independent space.
  13. Bounding box- The smallest box that can contain a geometric figure.
  14. Back substitution- A method used to solve a system of linear equations.
  15. Bilateral- Pertaining to two sides.
  16. Borrowing- Taking a value from the next higher place value in subtraction.
  17. Benchmark- A standard or point of reference in measurement.
  18. Break- even** – The point at which costs and revenues are equal.
  19. Bin- A range of values in statistics for grouping data.
  20. Boolean- A type of algebra dealing with true/false values.
  21. Bias- variance tradeoff** – The tradeoff between error due to bias and variance.
  22. Bayesian- A statistical method based on Bayes’ theorem.
  23. Ball- A 3-dimensional space enclosed within a sphere.
  24. Brachistochrone- The curve of fastest descent between two points.
  25. Biweekly- Occurring every two weeks.
  26. Butterfly effect- Small changes in initial conditions leading to vastly different outcomes.
  27. Bose- Einstein statistics** – Statistics for particles with identical properties.
  28. Bounded- Confined within limits.
  29. Boolean variable- A variable that can have true or false values.
  30. Base angle- The angle formed by the base of a geometric figure.
  31. Bodmas- An acronym for order of operations: Brackets, Order, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction.
  32. Bracket notation- A way to denote intervals or matrices.
  33. Bernoulli number- A sequence of rational numbers important in number theory.
  34. Bollinger bands- A method for technical analysis in stock trading.
  35. Binary operation- An operation involving two operands.
  36. Balance point- Median or middle of a data distribution.
  37. Bond- A financial instrument representing a loan.
  38. Breakeven analysis- Determining the point where revenue equals cost.
  39. Bravais lattice- An infinite array of discrete points in 3-dimensional space.
  40. Bracket polynomial- A type of polynomial used in knot theory.
  41. Backward induction- A method used in game theory to solve sequential games.
  42. Beale’s condition- A situation in linear programming involving degeneracy.
  43. Basis point- One-hundredth of a percentage point.
  44. Beltrami equation- An equation in the theory of quasiconformal maps.
  45. Bell curve- A normal distribution shaped like a bell.
  46. Bubble sort- A simple sorting algorithm.
  47. Budget- An estimate of income and expenditure.
  48. Break- A point where the graph of a function changes smoothly.
  49. Boundary value- A condition for differential equations specifying values at boundaries.
  50. Bar- A unit of pressure.
  51. Bhaskara’s formula- An approximation for finding the square root.
  52. Bisection method- A numerical method for solving equations.
  53. Bayesian inference- A method of statistical inference.
  54. Big O notation- Describes the limiting behavior of a function.
  55. Biased estimator- An estimator that systematically deviates from the true value.
  56. Box and whisker plot- A chart in statistics that displays distribution.
  57. Bézier curve- A parametric curve frequently used in computer graphics.
  58. Brownian motion- The random movement of particles suspended in a fluid.
  59. Biorthogonal- Pertaining to a system of vector spaces.
  60. Brocard’s problem- The problem of finding integers n for which n!-k²=1.
  61. Bine- Combinations and permutations, often related to binomial theorems.
  62. Ballot theorem- A combinatorial theorem.
  63. Balanced number- A number balanced in some mathematical context.
  64. Borwein integral- A class of integrals studied by Borweins.
  65. Bregman divergence- A measure of distance between points.
  66. Bernoulli trial- A random experiment with exactly two possible outcomes.
  67. Bernoulli process- A sequence of independent and identically distributed Bernoulli trials.
  68. Bressoud’s identity- A specific identity related to partition functions.
  69. Body- centered cubic** – A type of crystal lattice.
  70. Boustrophedon- An arrangement or method that resembles the path of oxen plowing.
  71. Bra- ket notation** – A notation system for quantum states.
  72. Brick divisor- A special divisor used in some mathematical contexts.
  73. Branch cut- A curve in the complex plane where a multi-valued function is discontinuous.
  74. Brillouin zone- A primitive cell in the reciprocal lattice of a crystal.
  75. Boolean ring- A ring where each element is idempotent.
  76. Bootstrap method- A method for estimating the distribution of a statistic.
  77. Bottleneck- The part of a process that limits overall capacity.
  78. Blocking- Grouping experimental units that are similar in some way.
  79. Bid process- Involves tendering and contracts, often in economics.
  80. Baricentric coordinates- A coordinate system for points within a simplex.
  81. Betweenness- Relating to points between others in a set.
  82. Bellman equation- Fundamental in dynamic programming.
  83. Buckingham π theorem- A key theorem in dimensional analysis.
  84. Bremermann’s limit- The maximum rate of data processing in a physical system.
  85. Bi- convex function** – Convex in each variable when others are fixed.
  86. Birkhoff’s theorem- Related to general relativity.
  87. Balanced matrix- A concept in optimization and matrix theory.
  88. Boole’s inequality- A fundamental inequality in probability theory.
  89. Blasius equation- Found in fluid dynamics.
  90. Baker’s map- A type of chaotic map.
  91. Boole’s expansion- Related to Boolean functions.
  92. Birnbaum- Saunders distribution** – A probability distribution.
  93. Block design- A set of experimental designs in statistics.
  94. Bulirsch–Stoer algorithm- An algorithm for numerical integration.
  95. Barnes- Hut simulation** – An algorithm for performing n-body simulations.
  96. Bronshtein and Semendyayev- A reference book of mathematical formulas.
  97. Bismarckian economics- Pertains to some economic policies.
  98. Buffon’s needle- A probability method using random needle drops.
  99. Binet’s formula- An explicit formula for Fibonacci numbers.
  100. Bravais lattice- A geometric arrangement of points in space.

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