Math Words That Start With G: Glossary and Definitions

Discover a list of math-related words that start with the letter “G” to boost your mathematical vocabulary.

  1. Geometric – Relating to geometry, the branch of mathematics concerning shapes and properties of figures.
  2. Geometry – The study of shapes, sizes, and properties of spaces and figures.
  3. Graph – A diagram representing data or mathematical relationships.
  4. Gradient – The rate of change or slope, often used in the context of graphs and derivatives.
  5. Gaussian – Pertaining to the normal distribution, a probability distribution used in statistics.
  6. Group – A set with an operation that combines any two elements to form a third element within the set.
  7. Growth – Increase, applicable in various contexts such as exponential growth in mathematics.
  8. Grid – A network of lines that cross each other to form a series of squares or rectangles.
  9. Girth – The distance around the circumference of a geometric object.
  10. GCD (Greatest Common Divisor) – The largest number that divides two or more numbers without leaving a remainder.
  11. GCF (Greatest Common Factor) – Another term for Greatest Common Divisor.
  12. Golden Ratio – A special number approximately equal to 1.618, which has unique properties in geometry.
  13. Gaussian Elimination – A method for solving linear equations.
  14. Gradient Vector – A vector consisting of the partial derivatives of a function.
  15. Glide Reflection – A transformation involving a translation followed by a reflection.
  16. Generalization – The process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances.
  17. Gaussian Function – A function that represents a normal distribution curve.
  18. Grid Method – A technique for multiplying large numbers.
  19. Geometric Progression – A sequence of numbers where each term is found by multiplying the previous term by a constant.
  20. Gaussian Distribution – Another term for normal distribution.
  21. Graph Theory – The study of graphs and their properties.
  22. General Solution – A solution that contains all possible solutions for a differential equation.
  23. General Linear Group – The group of invertible matrices.
  24. Geodesic – The shortest path between two points on a curved surface.
  25. General Relativity – A theory of gravitation that is formulated using differential geometry.
  26. Gini Coefficient – A measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent income or wealth distribution.
  27. Geometric Mean – The central number in a geometric progression.
  28. Genus – A classification used in topology to represent an object’s number of holes.
  29. Gaussian Integer – A complex number whose real and imaginary parts are both integers.
  30. Generation – The creation of new data points or points in geometry.
  31. Galois Theory – A branch of abstract algebra dealing with the symmetries of roots of polynomials.
  32. Gap – The difference or distance between numbers or elements in a set.
  33. Geodetic – Relating to the shape and curvature of the Earth.
  34. Gram- Schmidt Process – A method for orthonormalizing a set of vectors in an inner product space.
  35. Gleason’s Theorem – A result in the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics.
  36. Generalized Coordinates – Parameters that describe the configuration of a system in mechanics.
  37. Gödel Number – A number that encodes a mathematical object using Gödel’s incompleteness theorems.
  38. Gaussian Curve – Another term for the bell curve or normal distribution.
  39. Gini Index – Same as Gini Coefficient, used as a measure of inequality.
  40. Gradient Descent – An optimization algorithm.
  41. Generator – An element that, when used in combinations, can produce all elements of a given set.
  42. Goal – Often used in optimization and game theory to indicate a desired outcome.
  43. Gaussian Blur – A function used in image processing to smooth data.
  44. Gaussian Surface – An imaginary closed surface used in Gauss’s law for electricity.
  45. Graphical Solution – Solving problems using graphs rather than algebraic methods.
  46. Gyroscope – A device used to measure orientation and angular velocity, with applications in physics and engineering but related to geometry.

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