Gen Words: Essential Questions and How-Tos

This article provides a comprehensive list of words containing the prefix “gen” and explains their meanings.

  1. Generate- To produce or create something.
  2. Generation- All of the people born and living around the same time.
  3. Generator- A machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.
  4. Genesis- The origin or mode of formation of something.
  5. Genetic- Relating to genes or heredity.
  6. Genealogy- A line of descent traced continuously from an ancestor.
  7. Gene- A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring.
  8. Genotype- The genetic constitution of an individual organism.
  9. Genomics- The branch of molecular biology concerned with the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes.
  10. Genus- A principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below family.
  11. General- Affecting or concerning all or most people, places, or things.
  12. Generalize- Make a general or broad statement by inferring from specific cases.
  13. Generous- Showing a readiness to give more of something than is strictly necessary or expected.
  14. Genuine- Truly what something is said to be; authentic.
  15. Genre- A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.
  16. Genial- Friendly and cheerful.
  17. Generic- Characteristic of or relating to a class or group of things; not specific.
  18. Generalist- A person competent in several different fields or activities.
  19. Generalization- A general statement or concept obtained by inference from specific cases.
  20. Generality- The quality or state of being general.
  21. Generally- In most cases; usually.
  22. Generative- Having the ability to produce or create something.
  23. Gender- The state of being male or female.
  24. Gentry- People of good social position, specifically the class of people next below the nobility in position and birth.
  25. Gentile- A person who is not Jewish.
  26. Gentility- Social superiority as demonstrated by polite and respectable manners, behavior, or appearances.
  27. Gentle- Having or showing a mild, kind, or tender temperament or character.
  28. Gentleman- A chivalrous, courteous, or honorable man.
  29. Gentlewoman- A woman of noble or gentle birth.
  30. Genealogical- Relating to the study or tracing of lines of family descent.
  31. Genital- Relating to the reproductive organs.
  32. Genitalia- The organs of reproduction, especially the external sexual organs.
  33. Genuflect- Lower one’s body briefly by bending one knee to the ground, typically in worship or as a sign of respect.
  34. Geneticist- A biologist who studies genetics.
  35. Genotypic- Relating to the genotype.
  36. Genomic- Of or relating to genomes.
  37. Genomically- In a way that relates to the genome.
  38. Gene- editing – The process of making precise and targeted changes to the DNA of living organisms.
  39. Genus- species – Referring to the taxonomic classification of organisms by genus and species.
  40. Generousness- The quality of being kind and generous.
  41. Generalship- The skills or qualities of a good general.
  42. Gendered- Influenced by the cultural norms associated with a particular gender.
  43. Gender- neutral – Suitable for, applicable to, or common to both male and female genders.
  44. Gender identity- A person’s perception of having a particular gender, which may or may not correspond with their birth sex.
  45. Gender fluid- A person who does not identify themselves as having a fixed gender.
  46. Gender role- The role or behavior learned by a person as appropriate to their gender, determined by prevailing cultural norms.
  47. Genomic data- Information derived from the entire genome of an organism.
  48. Genetic code- The nucleotide triplets of DNA and RNA molecules that carry genetic information in living cells.
  49. Gene therapy- The transplantation of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones to correct genetic disorders.
  50. Gene pool- The stock of different genes in an interbreeding population.
  51. Germinal- Relating to or of the nature of a germ cell or embryo.
  52. Germinate- To begin to grow or develop.
  53. Germination- The process by which a plant grows from a seed.
  54. Germinal center- A site within secondary lymphoid organs where mature B lymphocytes proliferate, differentiate, and mutate their antibody genes.
  55. Germplasm- Living genetic resources such as seeds or tissues that are maintained for breeding, research, and conservation in agriculture.
  56. Genopolitics- The study of the genetic basis of political behavior and attitudes.
  57. Genotoxic- Describes agents or substances that damage the genetic information within a cell causing mutations, which may lead to cancer.
  58. Genotoxicity- The property of chemical agents that damages the genetic information within a cell and causes mutations.
  59. Genetically modified- Organisms whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.
  60. Genetically engineered- The deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material.
  61. Genetic drift- Variation in the relative frequency of different genotypes in a small population owing to the chance disappearance of particular genes as individuals die or do not reproduce.
  62. Genetic map- A map of the relative positions of genetic markers on a chromosome, determined by how often the markers are inherited together.
  63. Gene pool diversity- The total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species.
  64. Genetic modification- The process of altering the genetic makeup of an organism using biotechnology.
  65. Genetic screening- Testing to identify individuals at risk for or carrying a genetic disorder.
  66. Gene expression- The process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product, often protein.
  67. Gene silencing- The regulation of gene expression in a cell to prevent the expression of a certain gene.
  68. Genotypic variation- Differences in the genetic makeup among individuals within a population.
  69. Geneticist’s workbench- Tools and techniques used by geneticists for studying genes.
  70. Genetic fingerprinting- A technique used to identify individuals by characteristics of their DNA.
  71. Genetic markers- Specific sequences of DNA that can be used to identify a particular gene or trait.
  72. Genetic predisposition- An increased likelihood of developing a particular disease based on a person’s genetic makeup.
  73. Genotypic screening- The process of testing for specific genotypes within a population.
  74. Genetic counseling- Advising individuals and families on the likelihood of developing or transmitting genetic disorders.
  75. Genetic load- The presence of unfavorable genetic material in the genes of a population.
  76. Genetic kinship- The degree of genetic relationship between individuals.
  77. Gene mutation- A permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene.
  78. Gene conversion- The process by which one DNA sequence replaces a homologous sequence such that the sequences become identical after the conversion event.
  79. Genetic bottleneck- An event that drastically reduces the size of a population, leading to a loss of genetic diversity.
  80. Genoarchitecture- The spatial distribution of gene expression in a developing organism.
  81. Genotoxic agents- Substances that cause damage to genetic material, leading to mutations.
  82. Genomic imprinting- A genetic phenomenon by which certain genes are expressed in a parent-of-origin-specific manner.
  83. Genetic mosaic- An organism or part of an organism composed of cells with different genotypes.
  84. Germplasm bank- A repository where genetic material in the form of seeds, tissue, or breeding lines is stored for conservation and use in breeding.
  85. Genetic recombination- The exchange of genetic material between different chromosomes or between different regions within a single chromosome.
  86. Genome editing- The use of biotechnological tools to modify the DNA of an organism.
  87. Genetics research- The scientific study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
  88. Genomic hybridization- The process of combining the DNA of two different sources to study differences in genomic content.
  89. Gene editing technologies- Tools such as CRISPR-Cas9 that allow scientists to alter an organism’s DNA.
  90. Genomic therapy- The treatment of diseases through the manipulation of an organism’s genome.
  91. Genotypic correlation- The degree to which a trait is correlated genetically within a population.
  92. Gene sequence analysis- The study of the nucleotide sequence of genes to understand their structure and function.
  93. Genetic architecture- The underlying genetic basis of a phenotypic trait.
  94. Gene bank- A facility where genetic material is stored for research and breeding.
  95. Genetic heritage- The genetic characteristics and traits inherited from ancestors.
  96. Gene nomenclature- The system of naming genes in a standardized manner.
  97. Genesect- A term sometimes used to describe organisms with modified genes.
  98. Genomic instability- Increased tendency of an organism’s genes to acquire mutations.
  99. Gene clusters- Groups of two or more genes found within an organism’s DNA that encode similar polypeptides or proteins.

More words: